An analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of racial classification in the united states

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An analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of racial classification in the united states

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Racism In America Essays: Examples, Topics, Titles, & Outlines

In spite of significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of most chronic diseases, there is evidence that racial and ethnic minorities tend to receive lower quality of care than nonminorities and that, patients of minority ethnicity experience greater morbidity and mortality from various chronic diseases than nonminorities.

Three studies published in this issue of the journal provide new insight to the sources of and contributing factors to racial and ethnic disparities in health care.

In the first study, Trivedi and Ayanian 2 conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 54, respondents to the California Health Interview Survey to assess the relationship between perceptions of health care discrimination and use of health services.

Those that reported discrimination were less likely to receive some preventive care services; however, adjusting for perceived discrimination did not eliminate the observed racial, gender, and insurance disparities in receipt of preventive care.

The second study by Huang et al. The factor structure of the PHQ-9 was consistent across ethnic groups although there was evidence of differential item functioning for some items.

The authors concluded that the PHQ-9 measures a common concept of depression and is an effective detection and monitoring tool for depression in diverse populations.

The third study by Groeneveld et al. Respondents answered questions about general innovativeness i. There were no significant racial differences in general innovativeness, but whites had higher medical innovativeness and were more likely to accept new prescription drugs than blacks.

Although the findings of these studies are highly relevant, there are inherent limitations in most research studies on ethnic differences that need to be highlighted. There is good evidence that socioeconomic position is a stronger determinant of health-related outcomes than race.

The study of racial variations in health is driven by a genetic model that assumes that race is a valid biological category, that the genes that determine race are linked with the genes that determine health, and that the health of a population is determined predominantly by biological factors.

Methods for collecting data on race include self-report, direct observation, proxy report, and extraction from records.

An analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of racial classification in the united states

In general, self-reported race is most reliable and should be the preferred method. However, with the increase in the number of people that belong to multiple racial categories, it is increasingly difficult to classify individuals into 1 race category, which further complicates the interpretation of race effects in research studies.

An analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of racial classification in the united states

Ethnicity is another variable that is commonly used in studies on health disparities. The Office of Management and Budget OMB has defined minimum standards for maintaining, collecting, and presenting data on race and ethnicity.

The concept of ethnicity is an attempt to further differentiate racial groups; however, like race, it carries its own historical, political, and social baggage. In spite of these limitations, ethnicity when combined with race provides more information as long as researchers define their construction of it and justify its validity, reliability, and consistency.

Acculturation is another concept related to culture that is typically used to explain ethnic disparities in health outcomes.In the United States, $ million was collected from employers for racial discrimination violations, not including money that was received from lawsuits.

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The raw gap between white employees and black employees in the United States can be as high as 30%. of racial affirmative action. Racial identity will continue to be a factor United States, U.S. (), in classification that imposes disadvantages upon persons who bear no responsibility for whatever harm the beneficiaries of the special admissions program are thought to have suffered.

Mar 15,  · acism and racial relations are something unavoidable for a person coming and living in the United States; whether one is an immigrant or a temporary visitor.

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In Catfish and Mandala, Andrew X Pham says: "Since the day Chi ran away, I have wondered how utterly alone she felt. Studies from the United States on the effect of community context on attitudes have found that as diversity in a neighbourhood increases, hostility towards .

Research Design and Methods. Using – data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), we performed a confirmatory factor analysis of a single MetS factor that allowed differential loadings across sex and race/ethnicity, resulting in a continuous MetS risk score that is sex and race/ethnicity-specific.

MULTIRACIAL CLASSIFICATION ON THE UNITED STATES CENSUS: MYTH, REALITY, AND FUTURE IMPACT Ann Morning, Ph.D. I begin by recalling both the benefits and the drawbacks that commentators in the late guidelines on racial classification that was intended to direct the data collection and analysis.

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