Textile Manufacturing Making Textiles - The Stages of the Manufacturing Process Textile performance is the direct result of the choices made at each step of the manufacturing process. Each stage, from the fiber that is chosen to the finish that is applied will affect the form, function, and cost of the final product. The textile manufacturing process can be divided into six basic stages: Fiber is the basic unit from which textile products are made.
Etymology[ edit ] The word 'textile' is from Latinfrom the adjective textilis, meaning 'woven', from textus, the past participle of the verb texere, 'to weave'. History of clothing and textiles The first clothes, worn at least 70, years ago and perhaps much earlier, were probably made of animal skins and helped protect early humans from the ice ages.
Then at some point people learned to weave plant fibers into textiles.
The discovery of dyed flax fibres in a cave in the Republic of Georgia dated to 34, BCE suggests textile-like materials were made even in prehistoric times.
However, for the main types of textiles, plain weavetwillor satin weavethere is little difference between the ancient and modern methods. Uses[ edit ] Textiles have an assortment of uses, the most common of which are for clothing and for containers such as bags and baskets. In the household they are used in carpetingupholstered furnishingswindow shadestowelscoverings for tables, beds, and other flat surfaces, and in art.
In the workplace they are used in industrial and scientific processes such as filtering. Miscellaneous uses include flagsbackpackstentsnetshandkerchiefscleaning ragstransportation devices such as balloonskitessailsand parachutes ; textiles are also used to provide strengthening in composite materials such as fibreglass and industrial geotextiles.
Textiles are used in many traditional crafts such as sewingquilting and embroidery. Textiles for industrial purposes, and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance, are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications, medical textiles e.
In all these applications stringent performance requirements must be met. Woven of threads coated with zinc oxide nanowireslaboratory fabric has been shown capable of "self-powering nanosystems" using vibrations created by everyday actions like wind or body movements.
The first three are natural. In the 20th century, they were supplemented by artificial fibres made from petroleum. Textiles are made in various strengths and degrees of durability, from the finest microfibre made of strands thinner than one denier to the sturdiest canvas.
Textile manufacturing terminology has a wealth of descriptive terms, from light gauze -like gossamer to heavy grosgrain cloth and beyond.
Animal[ edit ] Animal textiles are commonly made from hairfurskin or silk in the silkworms case. Wool refers to the hair of the domestic goat or sheepwhich is distinguished from other types of animal hair in that the individual strands are coated with scales and tightly crimped, and the wool as a whole is coated with a wax mixture known as lanolin sometimes called wool greasewhich is waterproof and dirtproof.
Wool is commonly used for warm clothing. Cashmerethe hair of the Indian cashmere goatand mohairthe hair of the North African angora goatare types of wool known for their softness. Angora refers to the long, thick, soft hair of the angora rabbit. Qiviut is the fine inner wool of the muskox.
Sea silk is an extremely fine, rare, and valuable fabric that is made from the silky filaments or byssus secreted by a gland in the foot of pen shells.
Silk is an animal textile made from the fibres of the cocoon of the Chinese silkworm which is spun into a smooth fabric prized for its softness. There are two main types of the silk: Silkworm larvae produce the first type if cultivated in habitats with fresh mulberry leaves for consumption, while Tussah silk is produced by silkworms feeding purely on oak leaves.
Around four-fifths of the world's silk production consists of cultivated silk.The introduction of steam power fueled primarily by coal, wider utilization of water wheels, and powered machinery in textile manufacturing underpinned the dramatic increases in production capacity.
The development of all-metal machine tools in the first two decades of the 19th century facilitated the manufacture of more production machines for manufacturing in other industries. Textile manufacturing terminology has a wealth of descriptive terms, from light gauze-like gossamer to heavy grosgrain cloth and beyond.
Animal. Animal textiles are commonly made from hair, fur, skin or silk (in the silkworms case). sound guidance in the selection and care of textile products.
This article covers comprehensive outline of INTRODUCTION Textile industry is one of the few basic industries, which is The flow diagram of the fibre to fabric process is shown in Figure 1.
Polymers 2 are . Apparel Manufacturing: Sewn Product Analysis is designed to provide a conceptual framework of the manufacturing process for future apparel professionals. It helps students understand the complex decision making involved in marketing, merchandising, and /5(15).
Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based on the conversion of fiber into yarn, yarn into fabric. These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes.
Different types of fibers are used to produce yarn. Cotton remains the most important natural fiber, so is treated in depth. There are many variable processes available at the spinning and fabric-forming stages coupled with the complexities of the .
Chapter-1 Introduction of Textile Industry Introduction is one of the largest in the world with a massive raw material and textiles manufacturing base.
Our economy is largely dependent on the textile manufacturing and trade in of various synthetic fibers like nylon created a wider market for textile products .