This act was called the Homestead Act. The Homestead Act allowed any head of the house, even newly freed slaves, a chance to own acres of land out west by paying a small fee, building a dwelling, and cultivating the land for at least five years. Nothing like this had ever happened in the United States, so many people were excited to start a new life out west. With women and African Americans finally shown some freedom to do what they please, this act was the first of its kind.
Carnegie refused to share control of his company. He and his partner Henry Clay Frick, had brought unions to heel at their other mills, but Homestead remained untamed. Meeting continued through late June but the two sides could not reach an agreement. Two days later, workers seized the mill and sealed off the town from strike-breakers.
Frick summoned a private police force, the Pinkerton Detective Agency, to protect the non-union workers he planned to hire. For twelve hours, a fierce battle raged. As workers built barricades on shore, the Pinkertons cut rifle ports in the sides of their barges.
In the face of withering gunfire, the Pinkertons again tried to land. Workers blasted the cannon at the Pinkertons barges, but scored few hits. Workers sent a burning raft and even a burning railroad car to destroy the barges, but both fell short of their targets.
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The terrified Pinkertons cowered below deck. Four times the Pinkertons rasied a white flag. Four times it was shot down by one of the three hundred sharpshooters positioned near Open Hearth Furnace.
Three workers and seven Pinkertons were dead. The violence appalled Carnegie, yet he pressed onward. The workers welcomed the guardsmen with four brass bands, but failed to engender goodwill.
Within twenty minutes, the guardsmen had secured the mill, Homestead was placed under martial law, and byThe Homestead Act, enacted during the Civil War in , provided that any adult citizen, or intended citizen, who had never borne arms against the U.S.
government could claim acres of surveyed government land. The Homestead Act's biggest weakness however, was not taking into account conditions on the frontier.
I also think that the eastern framers did not consider that some of their land was too large for irrigated farming and too small for dry farming.3/5(1). In the 19th century, manifest destiny was a widely held belief in the United States that its settlers were destined to expand across North schwenkreis.com are three basic themes to manifest destiny: The special virtues of the American people and their institutions; The mission of the United States to redeem and remake the west in the image of agrarian America.
How the West Was Settled The Year-Old Homestead Act Lured Americans Looking for a New Life and New Opportunities By Greg Bradsher. View Essay - dorrian homestead essay from HISTORY at Paramus Catholic High School.
Homestead Act of The Homestead Act was passed on May 20, ; this act accelerated the settlement of the. I THESIS STATEMENT The Homestead Act of made surveyed lands obtainable to homesteaders.
The act stated that men and women over the age of 21, unmarried women who were head of households and married men under the age of 21, who did not own over acres of land anywhere, were citizens or intended on becoming citizens of .