Film noir essay questions

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Film noir essay questions

Marlene Dietrichan actress frequently called upon to play a femme fatale The aesthetics of film noir are influenced by German Expressionisman artistic movement of the s and s that involved theater, photography, painting, sculpture and architecture, as well as cinema.

The opportunities offered by the booming Hollywood film industry and then the threat of Nazismled to the emigration of many film artists working in Germany who had been involved in the Expressionist movement or studied with its practitioners.

Movies of his such as 20, Years in Sing Sing and Private Detective 62 are among the early Hollywood sound films arguably classifiable as noir—scholar Marc Vernet offers the latter as evidence that dating the initiation of film noir to or any other year is "arbitrary".

Edeson later photographed The Maltese Falconwidely regarded as the first major film noir of the classic era.

Films of his such as Shanghai Express and The Devil Is a Womanwith their hothouse eroticism and baroque visual style, anticipated central elements of classic noir.

The commercial and critical success of Sternberg's silent Underworld was largely responsible for spurring a trend of Hollywood gangster films.

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Its visual intricacy and complex, voiceover narrative structure are echoed in dozens of classic film noirs. The Lost Weekenddirected by Billy Wilderanother Vienna-born, Berlin-trained American auteurtells the story of an alcoholic in a manner evocative of neorealism.

This semidocumentary approach characterized a substantial number of noirs in the late s and early s. Along with neorealism, the style had an American precedent cited by Dassin, in director Henry Hathaway 's The House on 92nd Streetwhich demonstrated the parallel influence of the cinematic newsreel.

A decade before the classic era, a story by Hammett was the source for the gangster melodrama City Streetsdirected by Rouben Mamoulian and photographed by Lee Garmeswho worked regularly with Sternberg. Released the month before Lang's M, City Streets has a claim to being the first major film noir; both its style and story had many noir characteristics.

Where Chandler, like Hammett, centered most of his novels and stories on the character of the private eye, Cain featured less heroic protagonists and focused more on psychological exposition than on crime solving; [36] the Cain approach has come to be identified with a subset of the hardboiled genre dubbed " noir fiction ".

For much of the s, one of the most prolific and successful authors of this often downbeat brand of suspense tale was Cornell Woolrich sometimes under the pseudonym George Hopley or William Irish. No writer's published work provided the basis for more film noirs of the classic period than Woolrich's: Burnettwhose first novel to be published was Little Caesar, in It was turned into a hit for Warner Bros.

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At least one important reference work identifies the latter as a film noir despite its early date. During the classic era, his work, either as author or screenwriter, was the basis for seven films now widely regarded as film noirs, including three of the most famous: While City Streets and other pre-WWII crime melodramas such as Fury and You Only Live Onceboth directed by Fritz Lang, are categorized as full-fledged noir in Alain Silver and Elizabeth Ward's film noir encyclopedia, other critics tend to describe them as "proto-noir" or in similar terms.

He later played secondary roles in several other formative American noirs. It's a film too arty for average audiences, and too humdrum for others. From January through December deep shadows, clutching hands, exploding revolvers, sadistic villains and heroines tormented with deeply rooted diseases of the mind flashed across the screen in a panting display of psychoneurosis, unsublimated sex and murder most foul.

Donald Marshman, Life August 25, [44] Most film noirs of the classic period were similarly low- and modestly-budgeted features without major stars—B movies either literally or in spirit. In this production context, writers, directors, cinematographers, and other craftsmen were relatively free from typical big-picture constraints.

There was more visual experimentation than in Hollywood filmmaking as a whole: Narrative structures sometimes involved convoluted flashbacks uncommon in non-noir commercial productions.

The film stars noir icons Robert Mitchum and Jane Greer. Thematically, film noirs were most exceptional for the relative frequency with which they centered on women of questionable virtue—a focus that had become rare in Hollywood films after the mids and the end of the pre-Code era.

The signal film in this vein was Double Indemnitydirected by Billy Wilder; setting the mold was Barbara Stanwyck 's unforgettable femme fatalePhyllis Dietrichson—an apparent nod to Marlene Dietrichwho had built her extraordinary career playing such characters for Sternberg.

An A-level feature all the way, the film's commercial success and seven Oscar nominations made it probably the most influential of the early noirs.

The prevalence of the private eye as a lead character declined in film noir of the s, a period during which several critics describe the form as becoming more focused on extreme psychologies and more exaggerated in general.

Film noir essay questions

As described by Paul Schrader" Robert Aldrich 's teasing direction carries noir to its sleaziest and most perversely erotic. Hammer overturns the underworld in search of the 'great whatsit' [which] turns out to be—joke of jokes—an exploding atomic bomb. They regard true film noir as belonging to a temporally and geographically limited cycle or period, treating subsequent films that evoke the classics as fundamentally different due to general shifts in filmmaking style and latter-day awareness of noir as a historical source for allusion.

Two of noir's defining actors, Gloria Grahame and Humphrey Bogartportray star-crossed lovers in the film. While the inceptive noir, Stranger on the Third Floor, was a B picture directed by a virtual unknown, many of the film noirs still remembered were A-list productions by well-known film makers.

Opinion is divided on the noir status of several Alfred Hitchcock thrillers from the era; at least four qualify by consensus: In a Lonely Place was Nicholas Ray 's breakthrough; his other noirs include his debut, They Live by Night and On Dangerous Groundnoted for their unusually sympathetic treatment of characters alienated from the social mainstream.

Orson Welles had notorious problems with financing but his three film noirs were well budgeted:A Jules Dassin classic.

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An innovative on-location police procedural with charming narration and quaint characters providing an original film, a wonderful story, and interesting slice of life depictions of New York City and its peoples. Film noir (/ n w ɑːr /; French:) is a cinematic term used primarily to describe stylish Hollywood crime dramas, particularly those that emphasize cynical attitudes and sexual schwenkreis.comood's classical film noir period is generally regarded as extending from the early s to the late s.

Film noir of this era is associated with a low-key, black-and-white visual style that has. May 04,  · Film Noir Essay.

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Words | 9 Pages. Maltese Falcon as a Film Noir Film Noir is a French word which means: dark or black film. This is very fitting as Film Noir and the Maltese falcon are stories of dark deceptive people who often cannot be trusted.

From the acclaimed director of Scarface and the author of L.A. Confidential comes the spellbinding thriller The Black Dahlia. Two ambitious cops, Lee Blanchard (Aaron Eckhart) and Bucky Bleichert (Josh Hartnett), investigate the shocking murder of an aspiring young starlet. A Jules Dassin classic. An innovative on-location police procedural with charming narration and quaint characters providing an original film, a wonderful story, and interesting slice of life depictions of New York City and its peoples. Coined in a science-fiction novel in , the Anglosphere has become Australia's cultural (and political) obsession. That leaves us blind to other perspectives.

So the question . Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Reviews of film DVDs, including Chaplin, Antonioni and the Marx Brothers. Coined in a science-fiction novel in , the Anglosphere has become Australia's cultural (and political) obsession.

That leaves us blind to other perspectives.

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