Major problems faced by indian agriculture

Not only that, our country has the largest area that is used to cultivate cotton, wheat, and rice. In a nutshell, agricultural is vast industry and has an impact on every citizen of the country, either directly or indirectly. Like any other sector, agriculture too has its own set of challenges, some of which are very critical and impeding. Fragmented Land Holdings The net area under cultivation is close to million hectares.

Major problems faced by indian agriculture

Some of the major problems and their possible solutions have been discussed as follows. Indian agriculture is plagued by several problems; some of them are natural and some others are manmade. Small and fragmented land-holdings: The seemingly abundance of net sown area of The average size of holdings was 2.

The size of the holdings will further decrease with the infinite Sub-division of the land holdings. The problem of small and fragmented holdings is more serious in densely populated and intensively cultivated states like Kerala, West Bengal, Bihar and eastern part of Uttar Pradesh where the average size of land holdings is less than one hectare and in certain parts it is less than even 0.

States having high percentage of net sown area like Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh have holding size above the national average. Further it is shocking to note that Major problems faced by indian agriculture large proportion of 59 per cent holdings in 91 were marginal below 1 hectare accounting for Another 19 per cent were small holdings hectare taking up Large holdings above 10 hectare accounted for only 1.

Six Major Problems Faced by Indian Agriculture

Hence, there is a wide gap between small farmers, medium farmers peasant group and big farmers landlords. The main reason for this sad state of affairs is our inheritance laws.

The land belonging to the father is equally distributed among his sons. This distribution of land does not entail a collection or consolidated one, but its nature is fragmented. Different tracts have different levels of fertility and are to be distributed accordingly. If there are four tracts which are to be distributed between two sons, both the sons will get smaller plots of each land tract.

In this way the holdings become smaller and more fragmented with each passing generation. Sub-division and fragmentation of the holdings is one of the main causes of our low agricultural productivity and backward state of our agriculture.

Major problems faced by indian agriculture

A lot of time and labour is wasted in moving seeds, manure, implements and cattle from one piece of land to another. Irrigation becomes difficult on such small and fragmented fields. Further, a lot of fertile agricultural land is wasted in providing boundaries.

Under such circumstances, the farmer cannot concentrate on improvement. The only answer to this ticklish problem is the consolidation of holdings which means the reallocation of holdings which are fragmented, the creation of farms which comprise only one or a few parcels in place of multitude of patches formerly in the possession of each peasant.

But unfortunately, this plan has not succeeded much. Although legislation for consolidation of holdings has been enacted by almost all the states, it has been implemented only in Punjab, Haryana and in some parts of Uttar Pradesh. Consolidation of about 45 million holdings has been done till in Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh.

The other solution to this problem is cooperative farming in which the farmers pool their resources and share the profit.

Seed is a critical and basic input for attaining higher crop yields and sustained growth in agricultural production. Distribution of assured quality seed is as critical as the production of such seeds.

Unfortunately, good quality seeds are out of reach of the majority of farmers, especially small and marginal farmers mainly because of exorbitant prices of better seeds.

High Yielding Variety Programme HYVP was launched in as a major thrust plan to increase the production of food grains in the country. The Indian seed industry had exhibited impressive growth in the past and is expected to provide further potential for growth in agricultural production: The role of seed industry is not only to produce adequate quantity of quality seeds but also to achieve varietal diversity to suit various agro-climatic zones of the country.What are the problems in the Agriculture Sector in India and how can we solve them in hindi language?

Update Cancel. Problems faced by the Agriculture Sector. In order to increase the efficiency of Indian economy a major shift needs to happen from agriculture to service and business sector.

The major problems confronting Indian agriculture are those of population pressure, small holdings, depleted soils, lack of modern technology and poor facilities for storage.

Infertile land and lack of infrastructure in the agriculture sector

(a) Population Pressure: India has a huge population of . Agricultural problems faced by the farmers of India By Pamkhuila Shaiza on March 30, Agriculture is one of the most important pillars of the Indian economy.

One of the major problems of Indian agriculture is that a large number of people depend solely on agriculture. It is obvious the, that not much can be realized unless this continuing pressure of population on land is reduced. Agriculture, the backbone of Indian economy, Indian agriculture is plagued by several problems.

Know some of the major problems that India faces in relation to agriculture and their possible solutions. The major problems confronting Indian agriculture are those of population pressure, small holdings, depleted soils, lack of modern technology and poor facilities for storage.

(a) Population Pressure: India has a huge population of over one billion and it is increasing at a very fast rate.

Agricultural problems faced by the farmers of India | Knowledge Tank