The program at its outset was created with a forward-thinking orientation, drawing together economists from multiple subfields of the profession to consider jointly what would become one of the most important demographic, social, and economic transitions of the twenty-first century.
Its first staff economist, director of research, and one of its founders was American economist Wesley Mitchell. He was succeeded by Malcolm C. In the early s, Kuznets' work on national income became the basis of official measurements of GNP and other related indices of economic activity.
Research[ edit ] The NBER's research activities are mostly identified by 20 research programs on different subjects and 14 working groups. The research programs are: The authors address one occurring problem with theses tests: Teacher and parent referrals would be acknowledged by comprehensive screening programs being introduced into school districts today.
The screening tests that school districts are beginning to implement test students on a variety of characteristics to see whether or not they would qualify and succeed in gifted education programs. One issue that the new screening tests would fix compared to the older referrals is that non-English speaking students are overlooked because of a lack of parental referrals due to language barriers.
When these tests were implemented on a small scale the statistics showed an increase in Hispanic students by percent, and the number of black students increased by 80 percent.
These statistics indicate that there are little to no consequences for minorities when these tests that are being implemented. In conclusion the authors suggest that the issues found in gifted educational programs can be fixed by comprehensive screenings.
The National Bureau of Economic Research uses the term "gains" to reflect improvement in racial convergence. Prior studies have concluded black gains in AFQT and NAEP scores in the early s, black gains in college enrollment in the mids, and black gains in earnings throughout the s.
It is concluded that black gains were centered among cohorts of blacks born in the South during the s and 70s; therefore, not only is the study geographically exclusive, but data is also inconsistent with the contemporary causes in the s and s.
These results would rather be indicating that black gains in the s were influenced by the Civil Rights and War on Poverty periods 25—30 years before the s. With response to the education gap, new findings show that the cross-cohort gains in college enrollment only pertained to blacks born in the South there were no relative gains for black in the North.
New findings also show that gains in relative earnings are limited to blacks born in the to cohorts ages 28—35 in and show no gains for other age groups.
To conclude, the findings of this updated study indicate that racial gains are due primarily in part to birth date and birthplace. Racial Inequality in the 21st Century: The Declining Significance of Discrimination[ edit ]  The National Bureau of Economic Research analyzed the hindrances in quality of education of black and Hispanic students compared to the education of white students, the causes for black students to fall behind in the classroom faster that white students, as well as the attempts to fix these gaps in education between races.
The first study in the article concluded that the best way to eliminate racial inequality in the future, specifically with income inequality, would be to provide black and white students with the same skills.for his comments and Miguel Braun for research assistance.
This research was supported by an NSF grant through the NBER; we thank both organizations for their support. All opinions expressed are those of the authors and not those of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE LIQUIDATION OF GOVERNMENT DEBT Carmen M. Reinhart NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA March The authors wish to thank Alex Pollock, Vincent Reinhart, and Kenneth Rogoff for helpful comments.
The Evolution of Top Incomes: A Historical and International Perspective Thomas Piketty amd Emmanuel Saez NBER Working Paper No. January JEL No. D3, J3 ABSTRACT This paper summarizes the main findings of the recent studies that have constructed top income and wealth shares series over the century for a number of countries using tax.
NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES CHILDHOOD ENVIRONMENT AND GENDER GAPS IN ADULTHOOD This research was funded by the National Science Foundation, the Lab for Economic Applications those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
The titles from the database NBER Technical Working Papers Archive from the provider National Bureau of Economic Research have been merged with the titles from database NBER Working Papers, from the same provider. More recent work with Giovani Favara, Kurt Lewis, and Zakrajšek focuses on the ability of the excess bond premium to predict National Bureau of Economic Research-dated recessions, using a standard binary recession indicator approach.
4 The leading statistical model in this area relies on a combination of the real federal funds rate and the.