The word stress means different things to different people. Some people define stress as events or situations that cause them to feel tension, pressure, or negative emotions such as anxiety and anger. Others view stress as the response to these situations.
Difficulty sleeping Overeating or loss of appetite Behavioral responses are more obvious when people take advantage of the preparatory physiological responses of the fight-or-flight response.
One side of the fight-or-flight response is that it prepares people to "fight", and people sometimes take advantage of that feature and behave aggressively toward other people. Unfortunately, this aggression is often direct toward family members.
After Hurricane Andrew devastated south Florida infor example, reports of domestic violence doubled. The other side of the fight-or-flight response is that it prepares people for "flight".
The following behavioral responses are examples of how people try to escape threatening situations: A number of conscious and unconscious things occur in our inner world that determine whether a stressor in the external world will trigger our stress response.
These inner world happenings are referred to as mediating processes and moderating factors. Consider, for example, a person who discovers that his or her cat neglected to use the litter box. Whether or not this person appraises the problem as something he or she can establish control over may help determine whether he or she becomes angry.
Mediating processes include appraisal and coping. Appraisal Once people become aware of a stressor, the next step is appraisal. How a stressor is appraised influences the extent to which stress responses follow it.
In fact, many stressors are not inherently stressful.
Psychology and Stress Essay. Dealing with stress Stress is a mentally or emotionally upsetting condition occurring in response to adverse external influences and it is capable of affecting physical health, usually characterized by increased heart rate, a rise in blood pressure, muscular tension, irritability, and . (The impact of chronic stress is different than the reaction to acute stress, which may be beneficial by, for example, causing greater alertness and increased focus.) And now psychology had. Essay on Stress: It’s Meaning, Effects and Coping with Stress! Meaning: Stress is a very common problem being faced today. Every individual will experience stress in one or the other time. The term stress has many definitions, Lazarus and Folkman () have defined stress as “an internal state which can be caused by physical demands [ ].
Stressors can be interpreted as harm or loss, as threats, or as challenges. When stressors have not already led to harm or loss but have the potential to do so, it is usually less stressful for people if the stressors are seen positively as challenges rather than negatively as threats.
The influence of appraisal does have its limits, though. For example, although people who suffer from chronic pain tend to be able to enjoy more physical activity if they view their pain as a challenge they can overcome, appraisal does not matter if the pain is severe.
Moreover, thinking negatively about the influence of past stressors is associated with a greater vulnerability to future stressors. Consider, for example, people with PTSD. Among victims of sexual or physical assault with PTSD, those who have trouble recovering tend to have more negative appraisals of their actions during the assault, of others' reactions after the assault, and of their initial PTSD symptoms.
An important aspect of appraisal is how predictable and controllable a stressor is judged to be. Regarding predictability, not knowing if or when a stressor will come usually makes it more stressful, especially if it is intense and of a short duration.
After a spouse passes away, for example, the other spouse tends to feel more disbelief, anxiety, and depression if the death was sudden than if it was anticipated weeks or months in advance.
Similarly, during the Vietnam War, for example, wives of soldiers who were missing in action felt worse than did wives of soldiers who were prisoners of war or had been killed.
Regarding control, believing that a stressor is uncontrollable usually makes it more stressful.
Alternatively, believing that a stressor is controllable, even if it really is not, tends to make it less stressful. When people are exposed to loud noises, for example, they tend to see it as less stressful when they are able to stop it, even if they do not bother to stop it.
How much more stressful a stressor becomes from feeling a lack of control over it depends, however, on the extent to which the cause of the stressor is seen as stable or unstable, global or specific, and internal or external. Stable and unstable causes represent causes that are enduring and temporary, respectively.
Global and specific causes represent causes that are relevant to many events and relevant to a single occasion, respectively. Internal or external causes represent causes that are the result of personal characteristics and behaviors or the result of environmental forces, respectively.
The more stable and global the cause of a stressor seems, the more people feel and behave as though they are helpless. Likewise, the more internal the cause of a stressor seems, the worse people feel about themselves. Together, these feelings and behaviors contribute to a depressive reaction to the stressor.Analysis of Stress This Essay Analysis of Stress and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on schwenkreis.com Autor: review • February 10, • Essay • 1, Words (6 Pages) • 1, Views4/4(1).
You can experience stress from your environment, your body, and your thoughts. How Does Stress Affect Health?
The human body is designed to experience stress and react to it. Stress can be positive, keeping us alert and ready to avoid danger. Stress becomes negative when a person faces continuous challenges without relief or relaxation between challenges.
The widespread use of the term “stress” in psychology gained currency with Hans Selye’s book The Stress of Life (). In it he formulated a biologically-based understanding of stress.
He focused on the body’s general adaptation to a challenging stimulus through a syndrome of bodily changes.
Chronic stress also affects a person's mental health. Many studies show a correlation between stress and the development of mood disorders such as anxiety disorders and depression. Psychology and Stress Essay.
Dealing with stress Stress is a mentally or emotionally upsetting condition occurring in response to adverse external influences and it is capable of affecting physical health, usually characterized by increased heart rate, a rise in blood pressure, muscular tension, irritability, and .
(The impact of chronic stress is different than the reaction to acute stress, which may be beneficial by, for example, causing greater alertness and increased focus.) And now psychology had.