Racial profiling in law enforcement

Race, Crime, and Punishment Just as conscious and unconscious racial notions helped define the drug problem, they have also helped shape political and policy responses to that problem. The legislative history of federal crack sentencing laws, for example, provides reason "to suspect that regardless of the objectives Congress was pursuing, it would have shown more restraint in fashioning the crack penalties or more interest in amending them in ensuing years, if the penalties did not apply almost exclusively to blacks. Politicians have been able to reap the electoral rewards of endorsing harsh drug policies because the group that suffered most from those policies-black Americans-lacked the numbers to use the political process to secure a different strategy.

Racial profiling in law enforcement

Congress should fix immigration Jan Brewer on immigration ruling: We won The Arizona law generated immediate controversy after Brewer signed it in April The American Civil Liberties Union issued a travel alert for Arizona, and dozens of groups canceled meetings or conventions.

The federal government challenged four provisions of the Arizona law that never were enforced, pending the legal ruling. Provisions struck down included: That would include illegal immigrants standing in a parking lot who "gesture or nod" their willingness to be employed.

A changing national mood on immigration?

What is Racial Profiling?

Justice Elena Kagan did not hear the case. Supporters of the Arizona measure contend the federal government has failed to enforce existing immigration laws, leaving it to states to take their own steps to deal with mounting economic and social problems caused by illegal immigrants. On Monday, two senior administration officials said the Department of Homeland Security expects increased requests from Arizona police to check the immigration status of suspects.

However, they said the department will get involved only in high-priority cases such as felony offenders, repeat immigration violators or newly arrived illegal immigrants. Winners, losers in immigration policy debate?

Racial profiling in law enforcement

Such prioritizing of resources was cited as the basis for a recent decision to halt deportations of some young illegal immigrants who came to America as children, had clean records and were students or served in the military.

In his dissent, Scalia noted such selective enforcement of immigration laws, writing, "To say, as the Court does, that Arizona contradicts federal law by enforcing applications of the Immigration Act that the President declines to enforce boggles the mind. That costs a lot of money.

The federal government sued, saying that Arizona overreached. At issue was whether states have any authority to step in to regulate immigration matters or whether that is the exclusive role of the federal government. In dry legal terms, this constitutional issue is known as pre-emption.

The Pew Hispanic Center recently issued a report that found that Mexican immigration to the United States has come to a standstill. The economic downturn in the United States and better conditions in Mexico, along with deportations and other enforcement, have led many to return to Mexico.

However, the debate continues as more than 10 million unauthorized immigrants -- from Mexico and other countries -- continue to live in the United States. The Obama administration said Monday that it has increased both Border Patrol and Immigration and Customs Enforcement staffing and taken other steps that helped cut border apprehensions in half since Even if immigration has slowed to lows not seen in decades, proponents of tough immigration laws want to beef up enforcement ahead of any future pressures.The Obama administration on Monday formally announced long-awaited curbs on racial profiling by federal law enforcement, but the new rules will not cover local police departments, which have come.

Racial profiling in law enforcement

Racial profiling is the expected belief that a person of a particular race is likely to commit particular crimes or act in a certain type of behavior. The Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act (introduced as Arizona Senate Bill and thus often referred to simply as Arizona SB ) is a legislative Act in the U.S.

state of Arizona that at the time of passage in was the broadest and strictest anti-illegal immigration measure passed in the United States.

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RACIAL PROFILING refers to the use of an individual’s race or ethnicity by law enforcement personnel as a key factor in deciding whether to engage in enforcement (example: make a traffic stop or arrest).

Source: Wikipedia. “I have found the tools of PoliceOne Academy to be a truly dynamic way to deliver and manage very valuable virtual training for law enforcement. The law's defenders, of course, disagree. Mark Spencer, president of the Phoenix Law Enforcement Association, which supports the new immigration measure, offers the following scenario.

Racial Profiling Reports | Texas Commission on Law Enforcement